Instruction PDFs for R. Sleigh Tools

Greetings harp tech fanatics!

I created two instructional PDFs on the 4 tools that I designed for intelligently lazy harmonica technicians or anyone who wants to work on reed plates with tools that make the job easy.

Click on the links below the illustration for detailed, illustrated tips and tricks on using these tools to your best advantage:TYHimage

How to Use the Reed : Slot Burnishing Tool

Notes on Tools Designed by Richard Sleigh for Professional Harp Technicians and other Fanatics…

If you go into the Store on this website there is also a free download packgage of My book “Turbocharge Your Harmonica”, a long PDF on collecting vintage Marine Bands for fun and replacement reeds – includes a color coded chart on inter-changable reeds from Hohner Classic reed plates. Also notes on the Hot Rod Your Harmonica videos. I put these in the store for free for anyone who wants the book or detailed information on exactly what is in the DVDs / Videos

Draw Scraper & Reed / Slot Burnishing Tool

I finally got draw scrapers in Stock – Plus a Burnishing Tool that also does a brilliant job of closing slots and bringing the root of the reed closer to the level of the reed plate.

So I now have two separate tools – a draw scraper and a burnishing tool.

Here is the draw scraper:

The new version of the scraper is 1/8” wide and is a lot easier to sharpen because the extra width makes it easier to maintain the angle as you draw the edge over the stone. The older narrow one takes more skill and concentration to get it right, but trial and error will get you there…

You can maintain the edge on your scraper with a hard arkansas stone a small one will do fine. If you ever have to restore the edge more extensively, I recommend the EZ-LAP Diamond hone & stone in super fine grade & then finish with the hard arkansas stone.

You have to guess at the angle, then test on a scrap reed plate to see how easy it is to get a clean shiny mark while you peel off a ribbon of brass…

The story of the burnishing tool is long and complicated. I’ve made many variations over the years and thought I had a great design with a “chisel tip” tool for reaching to the very end of the slot.

That was before I saw a burnishing tool in a specialty tool collection and contacted the people that made them. I asked them to make a variation of one of their tools, and when I got it, I was blown away by how effective the design was. It made closing up the end of the slot super easy AND I could use it to push down the reed closer to the reed plate at the very end of the slot in a very controlled way.

It turns out that small variations in the shape of the tool make a big difference in performance. I have the people who make these tools cherry pick the tools they send to me for my specs, and then I take them one at a time and make more small changes in the tip until the tool works just right. I will re-grind and polish the tip as many times as it takes to dial it in.

This was one time when a long delayed order from a machine shop ended up being at least partially a good thing. I was able to cancel the order for the double sided tool (scraper / embosser) and just get scrapers made.

What is a burnishing tool?

The second definition of the word burnish in the Webster’s dictionary is:  to rub (a material) with a tool for compacting or smoothing or for turning an edge. That is what this tool does brilliantly – turns down the edge of a slot to bring it closer to the reed, and turns down the edge of the reed near the rivet pad to bring it closer to the reed plate.

Here is the new Reed / Slot Burnishing Tool:

This tool is changing the way I do reed work. I am able to control dropping the root of the reed to a whole new level of accuracy with this tool. When you try to get a reed right down to the level of the reed plate, it is very common to push it too far, end up in the slot, and then have to push it back up, which is time consuming and frustrating. It is so much easier to be able to move it a little at a time and stop before you get deep in the slot.

I have enough of these tools now to fulfill the pre-orders for the double tool ( if you agree to the substitution of the two tools for the original offer of the double sided tool) and take new orders for the burnishing tool and the scraper tool.

At this point, I have a good supply of burnishing tools, scrapers, reed wrench / support tools, stainless steel reed shaping tools, and a small number of reed replacement / riviter tools available for immediate shipping.

They are all in the shopify store on this website…

New! – Three Levels of Upgrades

Dec 13, 2016

I recently injured my left hand ( working on a guitar – shoulda known better!) and I can’t shape cover plates. So now my work will now be focused on reed plate work – embossing, reed shaping, tuning, repairs. You supply the harp, I supply the skill and attention.

I now have three types of upgrades:

The “Juke Joint” 

A free-breathing, easy bending harmonica set up for traditional blues. This harp will cut the room with a lot less effort than an out of the box harmonica. Extra attention to reeds and slots in holes 2 & 3, 9 & 10 in particular give you bent notes that are natural sounding and easier to get and sustain. The tuning is close to 19 limit just intonation for smooth chords with melody notes that sound in tune for fiddle tunes, etc. $59 per harp.

The “Jump Blues” 

This harp is built for precise controlled bending all over plus over-blows in holes 4, 5, & 6. This combination of embossing and reed shaping is the most popular harmonica conversion I make. The tuning is close to 19 limit just intonation for smooth chords with melody notes that sound in tune for fiddle tunes, etc. $99 per harp.

The “Top Gun”

This harmonica is the highest level of reed and slot work I do. It enables over-blows in 4, 5 & 6, over-draws in holes 7, 8, 9, & 10. The 1 over-blow is available by request, but you won’t be able to hit blow 1 as hard as you can with a standard blues set-up. The tuning is close to 19 limit just intonation for smooth chords with melody notes that sound in tune for fiddle tunes, etc. You can also request equal temperament. $159 per harp.

Here is how to order these upgrades:

Step 1. -Please go to the store at to order your upgrades

Step 2 – You send me a Hohner Crossover / Deluxe / Thunderbird harmonica, or have it shipped to me with your name referenced in the shipping information.

Please ship harps to this address: PO Box 23, Boalsburg PA 16827.  You can also have Rockin Ron ship harps to me for this deal. Just tell him what you are up to and he will know what to do. 

My estimate for shipping is 6 – 8 weeks from the time I get the harmonica to work on.

Please Note: I can also do this upgrade for Marine Band 1896, Special 20, Rocket, and Golden Melody harmonicas for $10 extra. The extra charge is for dealing with all the extra screws that increase the final adjustment times. In the case of the Marine Band 1896, it goes for installing covers with screws – the reed plates will still be attached with nails. I will bill you for the extra charge for these harmonicas after I check them to make sure they are the right vintage for me to work on.

This offer includes free shipping in the USA. For international orders I will contact you to arrange shipping at extra cost to be determined by your situation.

Here is one of my secret weapons for my upgrades:

I use a big ass heavy duty tool that a friend of mine made for me for moving reeds while still attached to the reed plates with rivets. He swore me to secrecy on the design of this tool and it’s one of those things I’ve kept under my hat for years cause I don’t want people getting mad at me for having an unfair advantage (or bugging me to “just show it to me I won’t tell anyone)

Anyhow I use this thing to center reeds at the root to make embossing more consistent. Some reeds are really off center from the factory – like diagonal. Most customizers just work around the reed as best they can, and over-emboss to close up the wide areas.

I also use this tool to close the space between reed tips and the end of the slot when they are too far away.

Here is a video of the before and after on one reed plate:

The rest of the process involves a combination of burnishing slots, shaping reeds, waxing reeds as necessary, tuning, re-tuning, and final adjustments.

Harpe Diem!


My Favorite Screwdrivers

wiha screwdriver


Wiha Scredrivers are super high-quality tools made in Germany and widely distributed.  The type I use are called precision screwdrivers (pictured) and they have a red tip that rotates that you can put one finger on to guide the tool while using the rest of your fingers to rotate it and drive the screw.

Right now a 7 piece set part # 26190.MC (the same one I have been using for years) is on sale for $19.99.

They also have a pozidrive screwdriver #26210 that I use for the screws on Hohner crossovers and many other harmonicas. Pozidrive screws look like Phillips head screws at first glance but they have 4 thin lines that make the head look like a fat x over a very thin x. The blades in a pozidrive screwdriver and the walls in the slot are parallel so the screwdriver fits snugly and does not have the wiggle room you get with phillips head screws and screwdrivers.


I priced the 7 piece set of screwdrivers (26190.MC) and the  pozidrive screwdriver (26210) with UPS shipping to Pennsylvania for a total of $31.82.

You can find these screwdrivers at


Reed Wrench / Support Tool & Reed Shaper Tool

Reed Wrench / Reed Support Tool

The new reed wrench / reed support tool replaces the two different wrenches that I used to include in my tool kit. I combined elements of both reed lifter / support tools into one design that works for exposed reeds or reeds that are inside the chamber. The other end of the tool is the reed wrench that has the gripper nibs that allow you to move reeds you are attaching with screws in any direction. A standard reed wrench won’t let you back up a reed if you get it too close to the end of a slot.

Reed Shaping Tool

This tool design is basically the same tool I have been making for a few years with a few refinements in the shaping and polishing process. It is Stainless Steel and works quite well with brass reeds and will also hold up well for shaping stainless steel reeds (it just takes a lot more pressure to work the stainless steel reeds) I use this tool constantly when customizing reed plates. It focuses pressure on exactly the part of the reed that you want to curve or straighten out and with practice becomes a very predictable extension of your fingers.

Both of the tools shown above are in the store on this website:

Reed Wrench / Reed Support Tool

Reed Shaping Tool

How to Replace A Harmonica Reed with its own Rivet…

Hi Folks, this video will show you how to move a reed from one reed plate to another using the rivet that is already in the reed. I used to think this was a great way to destroy a reed plate, but I’ve learned how to carefully stack the deck in your favor to make the process close to bulletproof. The tool you see in the video is available in the store on this site, at Rockin Rons, and at Blue Moon Harmonicas. Enjoy the show!

R. Sleigh Harmonica Reed Replacement Tools Have Arrived!

Yes! I now have in Stock the Reed Replacement tools including the 2 ounce brass mallets and the optional “lazy susan” base.

Get the low down on this tool in the following videos:

This video gives you some historical background and a basic tour of the prototype:

This video shows me using the new version of the tool with built in reed jigs & base:

You can find the Reed Replacement tools and bases at the store on this website

Reed Jig for Enlarging Rivet Holes for Screws

Before you can attach a harmonica reed with a screw you need to enlarge the hole in the rivet pad with a reamer or round file or similar tool. The tricky part is holding it firmly while you do this. It gets even trickier when you are dealing with stainless steel reeds. Jon Harl, a harp tech in San Jose, specializes in the stainless steel screws and described a jig he was experimenting with and let me run with the idea. So I’m going to have these tools machined by Tom Halchak at Blue Moon Harmonicas. They let you hold the reed firmly in place with your finger or thumb and support the rivet pad solidly while you work. They will be machined from aluminum and the channels are roughly as deep as the average reed and in 3 different widths to adapt to most any reed you may want to work on. Stay tuned for details on when they will be available…Reed Jigg 2.0Reed Jig 2.0

Harmonica Reed Tool in Production…

Harmonica Tool Freaks!

The R. Sleigh Reed Tool is now in final stages of tweaking and will be in production very soon. At this point (June 20th, 2015) I’m waiting to get reed tools delivered to me so I can ship them out to the people who ordered them through an offer I ran for a week. Once I ship these out, I will make the tool available on this website and at RockinRon’sMusicSD

This tool has been a long time coming. My goal is to make available the best possible combination of rivet punch and rivet hole flattener with a base that gives you enough mass to focus the force of a light mallet strike directly where it will do the most good.

One of the things I learned in the process of developing this tool is the difference between a hammer and a mallet. The important distinction is that a mallet is made of material that will give before it deforms what it is striking. the original definition of a mallet was a hammer with a wooden head used to strike a chisel.

I recommend using a brass 2 oz mallet with this reed tool. It gives you more control once you get used to the feel of the brass head striking the top of the punches. You won’t deform the top of the punch. This guarantees that the way the punch reacts will not change. I have an old Farrell tool with a punch that I clobbered with steel hammers and the top looks like a mushroom. I should have restricted myself to using the 2 oz mallet that came with it. Live and learn.

I’ll update this post when the Reed Tool is available again. In the mean time, I’ll finish developing a series of updated tools and supplies for reed replacement to complement this new tool… Stay tuned!


T.R.Y. !


The way you breathe, keep time, and hold your body will make you or break you as a harmonica player. The harmonica is the box of reeds. The resonator, the bellows and the metronome are all built into one amazing instrument: your body.

You can customize harmonicas to be louder and more responsive. You can also customize your body into a world-class musical amplifier and rhythm section, funky as a monkey and natural as a tree.

Use the word TRY to remember how to set up your power stance for playing harmonica.

Look at the illustration and start from the T at the bottom and then work your way up. The three-step process starts with the T…


  1. T stands for (lower) Trapezius – the name of the muscle that you engage to straighten up your upper back. The lower trapezius muscle is v shaped and pulls your upper back and shoulders into an upright, balanced position.


When you engage the lower trapezius muscle you will feel the sensation in your mid back, and your upper body will move into alignment, with your head balanced on your shoulders. The lower trapezius starts the process and then as you roll your head up you will feel the back of your neck relax because it is no longer struggling to hold the weight of your head.


It can help to visualize a string attached to the top of your head pulling your head up gently as you do this.


  1. R stands for Rhomboids. The rhomboid muscles are deep muscles, located under the trapezius muscles. They are shaped like a fat upside down V or chevron. When you engage the rhomboid muscles your shoulder blades move toward the spine and you open up your chest cavity. You will feel your shoulders moving back a little as you do this.


  1. Y stands for Yawn. Now that you have your stance in place it is time to melt upper body tension and open up your throat by yawning. When you do a nice luxurious yawn you will feel your shoulders and neck relax, and this feeling will sink down into the rest of your body like a wave.


Now breathe into this new posture and feel the difference that it makes in your entire body. When you engage the lower trapezius and the rhomboid muscles you start a chain reaction that aligns your entire body. Your pelvis will shift. You will find all sorts of changes happening as you hold this new stance and get used to it.

TRY this three-step process – it will change the way you feel and the way you play the harmonica. It works on many levels. It is the stance of a champion: relaxed, alert, confident, open, ready for anything.

For more information on this process and how to breathe through the harmonica, contact Richard Sleigh: with TRY in the subject line… Thanks!